know your Foreign Trade Policy -2

The general provisions governing import and export of goods and services

Exports and Imports shall be ‘Free’ except when regulated by way of
‘prohibition’, ‘restriction’ or ‘exclusive trading through State Trading
Enterprises (STEs)

The list of ‘Prohibited’, ‘Restricted’, and STE items can be viewed by clicking on
‘Downloads’ at, there are some items which are ‘free’ for import/export, but subject to conditions stipulated in other Acts or in law for the time being in force.

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Indian Trade Classification (Harmonised System) [ITC (HS)] is aligned at 6 digit level with international Harmonized System goods nomenclature maintained by World Customs Organization ( However, India maintains national Harmonized System of goods at 8 digit level which may be viewed by clicking on ‘Downloads’ at

Compliance of Imports with Domestic Laws:-

(a) Domestic Laws/ Rules/ Orders/ Regulations/ technical specifications/ environmental/safety and health norms applicable to domestically produced goods shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to imports, unless specifically exempted.

(b) However, Goods to be utilized/ consumed in manufacture of export products, as notified by DGFT, may be exempted from domestic standards/ quality specifications.

An IEC is a 10-character alpha-numeric number allotted to a person that is mandatory for undertaking any export/import activities.

No export or import shall be made by any person without obtaining an IEC number unless specifically exempted.

Mandatory documents for export/import of goods from/into India:

(a) Mandatory documents required for export of goods from India:
1. Bill of Lading/ Airway Bill/ Lorry Receipt/ Railway Receipt/Postal Receipt
2. Commercial Invoice cum Packing List*
3. Shipping Bill/Bill of Export/ Postal Bill of Export

(b) Mandatory documents required for import of goods into India

1. Bill of Lading/Airway Bill/Lorry Receipt/ Railway Receipt/Postal Receipt in form CN-22 or CN 23 as the case may be.
2. Commercial Invoice cum Packing List*
3. Bill of Entry [Separate Commercial Invoice and Packing List would also be accepted.]

DGFT may, through a Notification, impose restrictions on export and import,
necessary for: –
(a) Protection of public morals;
(b) Protection of human, animal or plant life or health;

(c) Protection of patents, trademarks and copyrights, and the prevention of deceptive practices;
(d) Prevention of use of prison labour;
(e) Protection of national treasures of artistic, historic or archaeological value;
(f) Conservation of exhaustible natural resources;
(g) Protection of trade of fissionable material or material from which they are derived;
(h) Prevention of traffic in arms, ammunition and implements of war
(i) Relating to the importation or exportation of gold or silver.

Goods already imported / shipped / arrived, in advance, but not cleared from Customs may also be cleared against an Authorisation issued subsequently. However, such goods already imported/shipped/arrived, in advance are first warehoused against Bill of Entry for Warehousing and then cleared for home consumption against an Authorisation issued subsequently.

Prohibition on Trade with the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant [ISIL, also known as Daesh], Al Nusrah Front [ANF] and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated with Al Qaida.
In compliance with United Nations Security Council Resolution No. 2199 [2015] (full text of the Resolution is available at, trade in oil and refined oil products, modular refineries and related materials, besides items of cultural (including antiquities), scientific and religious importance is prohibited with the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant [ISIL], Al Nusrah Front [ANF] and other individuals, groups, undertakings and entities associated, directly or indirectly, with Al Qaida.

Prohibition on direct or indirect import and export from/to DPRK
Direct or Indirect export and import of items, whether or not originating in Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) to/from DPRK is detailed in Appendix – I of FTP.

Prohibition on Import of Charcoal from Somalia
Direct or indirect import of charcoal is prohibited from Somalia, irrespective of whether or not such charcoal has originated in Somalia [United Nations Security Council Resolution 2036 (2012)]. Importers of Charcoal shall submit a declaration to Customs that the consignment has not originated in Somalia.

Import Policy for Second Hand Goods:

certain second hand goods are restricted as per para 2.31 of  The policy

Third Party Exports
Third party exports (except Deemed Export) as defined in Chapter 9 shall be allowed under FTP. In such cases, export documents such as shipping bill shall indicate name of both manufacturing exporter/manufacturer and third party exporter(s). Bank Realization Certificate (BRC), Export Order and Invoice should be in the name of third party exporter.

Non-Realisation of Export Proceeds
(a) If an exporter fails to realize export proceeds within time specified by RBI, he shall, without prejudice to any liability or penalty under any law in force, be liable to return all benefits / incentives availed against such exports and action in accordance with provisions of FT (D&R) Act, Rules and Orders made there under and FTP.
(b) In case an Exporter is unable to realize the export proceeds for reasons beyond his control (force-majeure), he may approach RBI for writing off the unrealised amount as laid down in Para 2.87 of Handbook of Procedures.
(c) The payment realized through insurance cover, would be eligible for benefits under FTP as per Procedures laid down in Para 2.85 of Handbook of Procedures.

Registration-cum-Membership Certificate (RCMC)
Any person, applying for:
(a) An Authorisation to import/export (except items) listed as ‘Restricted’ items in ITC (HS)
(b) Any other benefit or concession under FTP shall be required to furnish or upload on DGFT’s website in the Importer Exporter Profile, the RCMC granted by competent authority in accordance with Procedures specified in Handbook of Procedures unless specifically exempted under FTP. Certificate of Registration as Exporter of Spices (CRES) issued by Spices Board and Certificate of Registration as Exporter of coir & coir products issued by the Coir Board shall be treated as Registration-Cum-Membership Certificate (RCMC) for the purposes under this Policy.

source: DGFT 

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